In ground Pools
In ground pools, like the name states are built into the
ground. In ground pools can be built to allow for diving
or not, depending on the depth. A diving pool typically
needs to have a deep end depth
of 8’6” or more, where typically, non-diving pools have
a depth of 3’ to 5’6”. NEVER add or replace a diving
board without first contacting your pool builder.
Above ground Pools
Like the name says, above ground pools are built above
the ground. Some are constructed with corrosion resistant
steel wall panels with a vinyl liner covering the inside.
Other above ground pools
are made of a thick vinyl-type bladder, which is supported
by PVC poles. Most above ground pools are round or
oval, but some are also
rectangle. There is to be no diving in an above ground
pool as most have a maximum depth of 4 to 6 feet.
Some pools are constructed by poured concrete. The concrete
is poured, finished and allowed to dry to form the walls and floor.
When the concrete is dry, it’s painted with the desired color
chosen by the pool owner. Paint touch-ups are typically required,
periodically, in various areas – make sure you use the same
type of paint as the original. Two common types of paint for concrete
pools are Chlorinated Rubber or Epoxy. If a concrete finish becomes
rough and chipped in numerous areas, it’s best to have your
concrete pool professionally sandblasted and repainted – an
investment that will extend the life of your concrete pool.
Gunite / Shotcrete
Gunite (or a variation called Shotcrete) is a type of
reinforced concrete; it is strong and adaptable to unusual shapes.
Instead of being poured, gunite is sprayed. Gunite starts with a dry
mixture of cement and sand, which is then combined with water and
mixed thoroughly. The finished product is then pressure sprayed over
a framework of steel rods and wire mesh to form the walls and floor.
There are a variety of color / speckle finishes available to the pool
Compared to other in ground pools, vinyl-liner pools
are generally the most affordable, easy to maintain
and are available in a standard set of designs. Although
the vinyl-liner is the only
part visible to the pool owner, it does not make up
structure and integrity of the pool. After digging
and shaping the
hole for the
pool, pre-manufactured panels are bolted together to
form the walls, then a base is poured to form the floor.
Lastly, a track (coping)
is installed to the top of the pool walls to hold the
vinyl-liner in place. These types of pools are popular
in cold-weather states,
since the panels have some degree of flex and hold
up well under freeze/thaw conditions. Vinyl-liners
are available in many colors, patterns and
designs and will last an average of 8 to 10 years,
after which time a new liner can be installed.
Fiberglass pools are made of a one-piece fiberglass molded
shell that makes up the entire pool. While a fiberglass pool is typically
the quickest to install, there are fewer choices for size, shape and
depth compared to other pool types. Because the surface is non-porous,
fiberglass pools are easy to care for and long lasting.
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